The successful completion of a university degree program is accompanied by multiple complex opportunities and challenges, which require students to react accordingly with the skills necessary to meet them (Stadler et al., 2017). The degree itself is nothing unless and until students do not acquire the necessary skills and degree. The importance of the vital skills that can be used in practical life can not be denied. There is a dire need to develop good skills in universitylevel students so that it may help them excel in life and achieve their goals. The opportunities and challenges that come with the completion of a university degree demand some solution. The challenges include joblessness and low wages. The opportunities are less obvious and more chaotic, so it is said that challenges take any human being to further opportunities, and all of it is possible if students have some set of polished skills.

Specific skills are vital to developing during university. These skills further induce and promote learning behaviour and keep pushing students in the forward direction. The idea of developing skills and acquiring knowledge simultaneously makes sense when there is a balance and a good connection between the two. If the knowledge supports and skills and if the skills uprights the knowledge, then it means that the set of skills students are being taught is compatible with their learning and vice versa. It is important to note that the success rate depends on the interconnection of knowledge, learning and skills. That is why most institutions try to provide an optimised environment and wellbalanced curriculum for better growth and achieve high ends of students success.

The CV plays an important role when it comes to getting a job. It is a tothepoint introduction of academic achievements and skills that one has acquired during the stay at university. An effectively prepared and presented CV increases the chances of getting a job that is why it is recommended that CV should be designed wisely in a professional way and no aspect should be neglected in the process because one does not know that what specific information or skill, the employer is looking for.

Skills required and recommendation for CV

University students needs to develop the crucial skill of critical learning during their studies (Thomas, 2011). Critical thinking is the first and most important skill that should be developed during my stay at university. It provides the base for all other necessary and lifesaving skills. Critically evaluating something means that one should be aware of the potential benefits and dangers, the profits and losses, the good and the bad, the right and the wrong, the white and the black and so on. Greeks philosophers were aware of the fact back then that is why they worked for the development of this skill in their youth. Sustainable critical thinking requires constant study and thinking. A welleducated person needs to be able to make wellinformed judgments, explain their reasoning, and solve unknown problems (Thomas, 2011). Otherwise, what good his/her education has brought to him/her if their essential judgement is not correct and can not even explain their point with proper logic, reasoning with sellsupported arguments. Critical thinking needs to be developed and improved during university to practice it there and then use it in their practical life.

The utility of direct instruction in language mechanics for improving students writing has long been a topic of debate among linguists and learning advisers (McNaught and Shaw, 2016). Writing skill is the most basic need of any student at the university level. Most of the student suffers because of their bad writing techniques. It is said and rightly said that good writing skills are inevitable at the university level. However, the question is whom to develop them and whom to make students learn these skills? The utility of direct instruction is a common and direct way to achieve the objective. Writing skills can be improved by practice and writing content.

The research shows that many of the participants perceives that the commination skill sources is helpful in developing communication skills and communication skills can be developed through these sources that are needed in the educational institution (Komba, 2016). Then comes the communication skills, the most needed skills for surviving not only in the university but also in practical life. These are the skills that can make anyone a leader. The students with good communication skills influence teachers as well, and teachers listen to them. It is mandatory that when one speaks, people around have to listen to the point of view of that person, and if the person has good communication skills, he/she can convince them. Oral presentations provide teachers with a learnercentred activity that can be used in the language classroom as an effective tool for improving their students’ communicative competence (Brooks and WILSON, 2015). How these communicational skills can be taught, and how these skills can be improved in university students? Communicative competence can be enhanced through oral presentation. It is a simple process. When students are asked to come on stage and give a presentation on the topic assigned, they interact with their classmates and their teachers. It boosts their confidence. It increases their communication skills as after the initial presentation session, there is always a questionanswer session, and the person at the stage in front of the class needs to take the questions of everyone and give them a satisfactory answer. Even teachers ask questions about the material presented to check the level of comprehension students have about the topic they are presenting. So, in this way, communicational competence can be increased.

Higher education has invested in defining the role of generic skills in developing practical, adaptable graduates fit for a changing workplace. Research confirms that the development of generic skills that underpin effectiveness and adaptability in graduates is highly contextdependent and is shaped by the discipline within which these skills are conceptualised, valued and taught (MurdochEaton and Whittle, 2011). Generic skills are those skills that can be used across a variety of jobs and life contexts. These are the wide range of skills and set of general skills in nature and needed in most professions. There is no specific list of the generic skills, but the following skills are included in the list, i.e., teamwork, written communication, problemsolving, digital literacy, and information literacy. These skills can be used in every profession, but at first, they are needed to be developed at the university level because students need them to survive and interact with fellows and teachers at university. For example, if a teacher assigns a group activity or a group assignment, and a student cannot interact with people and members of the opposite gender, then how will such student survive in university, and how will such student study and secure good grades?

Stress management is the most needed skill in the days of the pandemic. Students are worried about their future and their studies, creating a state of panic in them. The government must take measures to develop this skill in universities. Finding ways to increase coping resources will help students decrease the stressors that life will throw your way (Essential Skills for College Students, 2021). Stress can be coped with different things, like if a student plays football, then that student can play football and spend his time. It will also help him to release his stress and come to a normal state. Students need to know themselves in order to cope with the problem of stress.

It is essential to have experience in independently handling money (Essential Skills for College Students, 2021). Handing their money and spending it is the biggest problem for those students who live far from their homes to get an education. There is a dire need for such students to know the worth of money, and they should be taught how to spend this money. Spending money is an art, and every student needs to master this art. If a student is living away from your house, it is a must for him/her. Many students panic when they get money for the first time to use for an entire month, and they use it in the first ten days of the month. This problem needs to be addressed because it is an extra burden on students. The university can arrange workshops to give awareness about this vital issue.

CV can be improved in many ways. One of these is by participating in volunteer work. Not only is volunteering a rewarding experience, but it also makes your CV stand out (Flückiger, 2016). The experience of volunteer work indeed be considered, and it can provide students with better opportunities.

Work experience is the most needed thing in any CV. There is always a separate box related to work experience in every CV. Almost all companies demand prior work experience to get an experienced individual who can be an asset to their company without investing anything in that person. That is why it is said to get some work experience in the first place. Many companies offer short work experience placements to give students an insight into daytoday operations (10 Ways To Enhance Your CV, 2021). Please take advantage of such opportunities and go for them. These are good learning opportunities and also helps to get a permanent job.

Short paragraphs always help to enhance the readability of material. The CV should be written in such a format that is easy to understand and read. Make it easy for the employers, and employers will make it easy for you by favouring an interview call.

The length of the CV also matters. Nowadays, employers do not have the time. One should provide them with the most detailed CV to enjoy reading and evaluate in less time, unlike a resume where the average length is between one or two pages (10 Ways To Enhance Your CV, 2021). In this way, the chances of getting an interview call will increase a lot. The short CV also makes employer think that you can summarise things as you did in your CV and now whole life is written only on two pages.

Use your free time to learn a new skill that is previously unknown to you. Find those skills that look good on the CV and go for them. Learning a new skill will add to the CV. New skills will make your CV a priority for the employer. Employers always want to hire those individuals with more skills so that they can bring more profits to their organisation. The skills do count forprofits, and in this way, with an improved CV,  one can easily make the way to the dream company.

One CV can be used at every place and in every industry. They all demand different kinds of skills and CV should be made accordingly. Another way to enhance your CV is to create multiple documents for different areas of your expertise (10 Ways To Enhance Your CV, 2021). Make sure that no two industries receive similar CVs. It gives a made impression if the CV is not made according to the needs of the target industry.


It is important that universities should make sure that both human resources and material resources are available for realisation of the anticipated course outcomes so that the sources delivery can be improved (Komba, 2016). It is the universitys responsibility, but we can not put all the burden on the university. Students have to come forward for themselves as well. They need to work on their skill and improve the areas where they lack expertise. CV can also be improved by improving the skills and adding those skills to your CV.


Brooks, G. and WILSON, J., 2015. Using oral presentations to improve students English language skills. Kwansei Gakuin University Humanities Review, [online] 19. Available at: <> [Accessed 7 July 2021].

Clarke University. 2021. Essential Skills for College Students. [online] Available at: <> [Accessed 8 July 2021].

Flückiger, S., 2016. 10 Ways To Enhance Your CV at University | Blog. [online] Blog. Available at: <> [Accessed 8 July 2021]. 2021. 10 Ways To Enhance Your CV. [online] Available at: <> [Accessed 8 July 2021].

Komba, S., 2016. The Perceived Importance of Communication Skills Course among University Students: The Case of Two Universities in Tanzania. African Journal of Teacher Education, 4(2).

McNaught, K. and Shaw, G., 2016. Preparing undergraduate students to be successful writers: Exploring the Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation skills of students identified as potentially ‘at risk’. Journal of Academic Language and Learning, [online] 10(2), pp.1119. Available at: <> [Accessed 7 July 2021].

MurdochEaton, D. and Whittle, S., 2011. Generic skills in medical education: developing the tools for successful lifelong learning. Medical Education, 46(1), pp.120128.

Stadler, M., Becker, N., Schult, J., Niepel, C., Spinath, F., Sparfeldt, J. and Greiff, S., 2017. The logic of success: the relation between complex problemsolving skills and university achievement. Higher Education, 76(1), pp.115.

Thomas, T., 2011. Developing First Year Students’ Critical Thinking Skills. Asian Social Science, 7(4).

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