Introduction

Risk assessment is a strategy for understanding the potential harmful effects of substances or agents already known to pose a threat. Specifically, we aim to pinpoint the risk assessment importance in workplace. Identifying the best safety measures requires an assessment of current staff knowledge and experience with relevant procedures and tools.

Question 01

Risk assessment is put in the workplace so that health and safety hazards can be found and the risks that are there can be evaluated. It is also useful for determining whether or not the current controls in place are adequate and effective. When a risk cant be removed or mitigated, a risk assessment can help figure out how to mitigate it, (Faustman et al, 2008).

Risk assessment has several applications in the workplace, including raising awareness of potential dangers and pinpointing those most at risk. When implemented early on in the planning process, it can reduce the likelihood of injuries and illnesses among children and teenagers.

Question 02

A risk assessment could have a lot of different goals. The fundamental goal is to enhance worker safety and make sure that a business is ready for any potential threat. Depending on the type of risk being evaluated, the specific objectives will change considerably. Companies will need to do several risk assessments based on all potential threats to their operations. They will be ready for everything that comes their way if they take the time to perform as many assessments as possible.

Conducting a Risk Analysis.

A risk assessment should be carried out with the ultimate objective in mind at all times. Performing these analyses serves a much larger purpose than simply gathering information about potential hazards in the workplace. To put it another way, their job is to come up with strategies to cut down on the likelihood of an incident and, more crucially, to devise measures to mitigate or get rid of any difficulties that may arise as a result of the danger, (Aven, T, 2016).

When a harmful event occurs, the outcome is improved if the right actions can be taken quickly and according to a plan. Consider the case of conducting a risk analysis of a storm or tornado. In light of such evaluation, precautionary measures should be put into place to ensure that everyone is prepared for such an occurrence. You can reduce the damage caused by this weather event so that you can resume normal operations much more quickly when it passes by staying indoors, turning off important machinery, and adopting other safety measures.

Insist on Regular Evaluation Updates.

To undertake a risk assessment and then implement policies that are never revised is not sufficient. To account for new information or circumstances, it is usually essential to do the evaluation again. This will assist you in achieving your aim of protecting your company from all potential risks.

Question 03

The HSE suggests a fivestep procedure for conducting a risk assessment. This might serve as a helpful checklist to ensure that the evaluation is as thorough as possible. The steps are as follows:

Step 1. Identify potential hazards

The first step in preventing injuries in the workplace is to catalogue everything that could be dangerous to employees. Some of the most common techniques to spot potential dangers that arent always visible include:

  1. Observation: taking a walk around the workplace to identify potentially dangerous actions, processes, or substances (or others).
  2. Records of past injuries and illnesses should be reviewed since they may reveal hidden dangers.
  3. Data sheets, instructions, information, and guidelines from manufacturers should be reviewed.
  4. Engaging the workers (and others) who will be performing the actual work.

Physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, and psychological risks are the five main types of potential dangers that can be identified and categorized, (Zio, E, 2018).

Step 2. Identify who might be harmed by those hazards

The next step is to catalogue the possible victims of these dangers. Its also important to consider the various ways in which they might be affected. Rather than enumerating individuals, it is sufficient to specify categories such as:

Children, teenagers, motherstobe, firsttime workers, those who perform their jobs from home, and persons who work alone may be particularly vulnerable to specific dangers.

Step 3. Evaluate risk severity and establish precautions

Once potential risks and victims have been identified, the next step is to determine how severe those risks could be in the event that they materialised, and then to put in place measures that would mitigate those risks to the greatest extent possible. This means that all feasible measures are taken, taking into account all relevant aspects, to ensure health and safety.

  1. Probability of adverse effects.
  2. Potential severity of adverse effects.
  3. Expertise in identifying and removing or minimizing and managing potential dangers and threats.
  4. Possibility of using countermeasures to remove, mitigate, or otherwise manage the risk.
  5. Eliminating, minimizing, or adequately controlling the risk may come at a price.

Evaluating the possibility of an event and the magnitude of the potential effects are both necessary steps in determining the seriousness of a risk. Duration and frequency of exposure, number of affected individuals, competency of exposed individuals, kind and condition of equipment, and availability of firstaid services and/or emergency help are all aspects that should be considered, (Aven, T, 2016).

Step 4. Implement changes and record your findings

There must be electronic or written documentation of significant findings from risk assessments in any workplace with five or more employees. An easy way to keep track of the hazards and control measures put in place to mitigate the identified risk is to record your results on a risk assessment form. Contents of the form are as follows:

  1. What risks were identified?
  2. Individuals and/or communities who will be impacted.
  3. Who is responsible for overseeing the risk management controls, and what measures are in place?
  4. Who conducted the evaluation?
  5. It is important to know when the evaluation took place.

When doing a risk assessment, it is important to make sure that it is appropriate for the activity or task at hand. For generic tasks, this can sometimes be a fairly basic process.

Step 5. Review your assessment and reassess if necessary

In order to ensure that their controls are effective, businesses should regularly conduct risk assessments and reassess them if necessary.

The following are some indicators that it might be time to reevaluate your procedures:

  1. Following a period of major transition in the workplace or the project at hand.
  2. After a health emergency or accident has occurred.
  3. The next step is when reports of nearmisses have been made.

Conclusion

In the Nut shell, Risk assessment provides data that helps us recognize the interventions that improve worker, public, and environmental health and safety. The results of a risk assessment can also be used to pinpoint areas where more information is needed or where more neutral studies would yield the most beneficial results for public health.

References

Aven, T. (2016). Risk assessment and risk management: Review of recent advances on their foundation. European Journal of Operational Research, 253(1), 113.

Faustman et al. (2008). Risk assessment. Casarett and Doull’s toxicology: The basic science of poisons, 107128.

Zio, E. (2018). The future of risk assessment. . Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 177, 176190.

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