1.1 Theoretical Frameworks

In a residential childcare following are the theoretical approaches to group living for young people and children.


Social Pedagogical Approach

This approach simply talks about how community thinks about their children, how they are taken care of, their upbringing and most importantly their education. The word pedagogy basically means art of teaching, denotes to the aspects of practice and theory of learning. The process in actual impacts and is also impacted by the political, common, and physical improvements of the students.

Outcomesfocused service provision for children and young people in group care:

This approach focuses on giving support to people who use different social modes keeping the differences an involvement might create in an individual’s life. It’s a resultoriented approach bringing the best among young people and children (Lager, 2018).

Psychosocial approaches and therapeutic Programs

This approach requires children and young people to be counseled. Some behavior management related program to be put in place so that residential group living becomes manageable. These problems can also resolve the difference that arise between groups (Taylor, 2017).

1.2 Summary of Theoretical Frameworks

Following two theories help and support wellbeing of children and people in a physical environment.

Ecological Systems Theory of Development

This theory focuses on an individual’s relationship within society and community as examined by the community psychologists. Moreover, it focuses on the significance of learning youngsters in numerous disciplines, also referred to as Bronfenbrenner theory of ecological systems, in a position to understand its development. This system unsurprisingly relate and effect each other in all phases of the teenagers lives. Individual’s pass through all these phases in physical environment. 


Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s theory studies how humans intrinsically participate in behavior enthusiasm. There are five stages through which Maslow has described how human behavior grows or motivation evolves over time. The stages include physiological, safety, belonging and love, social needs and selfactualization. These 5 tiers help children motivate and support in their wellbeing under group living. This theory explains the real physical complex living styles that a person passes through his life (Loh,, Wrathall and Schapper, 2017).

2.1 Legislative and Policy

A variety of fundamental principles that would need to be analyzed to understand some aspects of the judicial framework are set out here in the Childrens Act. The protection of the child shall

be the primary concern of the tribunal. Section 1(1) of the Regulation: Two of the principles are as follows:

  1. The judiciary needs to consider the basic principle that any hesitation in deciding difficulties due to the development of a child is likely to impact the welfare of the child.
  2. The judge needs to take into account the welfare criteria set out in Section 1(3), along with the wishes and wellbeing of the children, his / her age, gender, etc., whenever deciding whether it should make, modify or give release to any of the purposes of clause 8 that he/she objects or to any request within Part IV.

2.2 Impact of Legislation

While placement moves affect all aspects of a childs or a young persons life, the effect of a shift in placement could be less damaging if stability is preserved in other aspects of one ’s life.

It can include continuing at the same school, keeping in touch with their parents, relatives or longtime owners or foster relatives, and preserving cultural and social networks, including friendships and the same group. Successful changes to new placements can be made and children and adults can feel less uncomfortable when information about their wants and requirements is given and used to plan clinical positions.


3.4 Approaches of Conflict Resolution

Kenneth Thomas and Ralph Kilmann have identified five conflict resolution that people use to resolve problems, which include trying to avoid, trying to defeat, making compromises, accommodating, and working collaboratively.

  1. Attempting to avoid and thats when people simply neglect or refrain from the dispute. We prefer this strategy when the uncertainty of disagreement exceeds the bonus rewards of dispute settlement. Though that may seem straightforward to handle for the coordinator, participants are just not adding something of value to the dialogue or maybe holding back good suggestions. There should be nothing when disagreement is eliminated Competing is used for those that are aiming to convince a dispute. Those who are assertive, not collaborative.

This design is underpinned by the presumption that one side succeeds and that someone loses. It does not create space for various perspectives with a very wellinformed current appearance. Trying to compete can work in athletics or war, and it is rarely a winning approach to tackle a group dilemma.


  1. Accommodation is a strategy whereby the group giving in to the expectations or requirements of another. They are competitive because they are not assertive. This can seem to have been a reasonable opportunity to send in whenever one realizes out, he/she seems to have been incorrect about at a point. This is less effective if one entity encompasses one only to maintain stability or prevent interruption.


  1. A collaborative approach is the method to use when people are both cooperative. A collective will learn to enable everyone to make a significant contribution to the potential of professional and noncreating a common compromise that can be embraced by everyone.


  1. One approach is a compromise, where the participants are partly cooperative. The concept is that they really offer up a little bit of what they really want, and nobody gets whatever they want.

The perception of the best possible result when collaborating on consensus is that which splits the gap. negotiated settlement is considered as acceptable, even though no one is extremely pleased with the outcome effects of the intervention. 

3.6 Supportive Environment

Supportive early teaching methods begin with you when you build a healthy social and emotional climate that is built on caring and responsive relationships. Young kids cannot understand and analyze, feel joy, and wonder unless they feel safe. We must trust their providers and know that their needs are being met. Children need adults to establish relationships by being consistent and Responding to emotional and behavioral problems, both in classrooms and homebased environments.


As you establish a special relationship with the child, know their signals and interactions, their likes and dislikes, their talents, and areas of assistance, you make them feel safe. The explanation for efficiency has improved, sensitive, and evidence to inform and stimulating experiences is the basis of the System for Effective Practice or the House Structure. Procedures at the base of the building are vital to the promotion of early development and learning in all sectors.

4 Planning and Implementation

Promote the preparation and execution of daily life activities that are relevant to the expertise and level of maturity and comprehension of children and teenagers. Enable the general interests and needs of children and young people to be freely weighed versus the desires of children and young people. Engage in the evaluation process of the strong points and flaws of the delivery schemes and inspire children and teenagers to meet regularly with you and other employees to achieve their views on how the provision is to be implemented.

Stimulate consistency of concern for infants and younger people by presenting knowledge at switchover sessions on the results of daytoday activities communications hardware of care for adolescents and young people by offering information at handover meetings on any concerns or issues that have arisen.

 4.1 Support to Team Members in Planning

Much as the term person focused implies, a personoriented approach is about understanding that someone with an impairment is at the core of measures that matter to their lives. A personcentered approach means connecting, working collectively, counseling, sharing experiences, and getting input. The process is ongoing to ensure that everyone is assisted in his or her personal goals, even as they grow and develop. This person focused factor is really important for the group living as it suggests focusing on the strength and weakness of the individual; and work on it particularly to polish their skills its for the best interest of the living group.

4.2 Implementation of Systems

A childcentered approach involves keeping the child centered while making decisions in life and working in collaboration with them and their parents. ... Children may be exposed to deprivation and violence or manipulation on the part of their families and individuals they come in contact in their everyday lives.

Kids can be vulnerable to neglect and violence or manipulation on the part of their families and the individuals they meet in their everyday lives. Such threats may take a number of forms, which include sexual, physical and emotional mistreatment; neglect; criminal street crime and organized crime syndicates.


4.3 Support to Team Members in Understanding

Encourage the concept of a constructive and effective atmosphere for groups of children and young adults to endorse children and young people to be active in defining and incorporating vocational training events that they believe would be valuable to the community. Evaluate and align the incentives for children and young people to ensure a successful outcome within soulestablished groups and from the community as a whole to enhance the recognition, preparation and assessment of how specific progress and improvement can be achieved by associations within the framework of the legislation to take measures to minimize any negative effects on children and young people belonging to groups within the framework of the regulation.

5 Manage Work Schedule

Work with children and young people to assess the results of community activities Work with children and young people to recognize and implement steps to minimize dispute, turmoil, and uncertainty in the collective community. Operate with children and young people to recognize and take action where there is a possibility of hazard, danger and abuse ensure that group members are safe and secure against danger harm and abuse Work constructively with group dynamics contribute to establishing a community in which group interactions are highly respected and encouraged.

Motivate children and young people to take part in decision making on community care services and how they can be strengthened and improved, and document on the efficacy of the policy to support group care as pleasant outcome in nondisclosure agreements and in compliance with statutory and organizational criteria.

5.1   Evaluation

As a result of changes in work pattern of the team there are certain factor that would affect the group livings, if new technology has been introduced in the working pattern of the living group it could be assumed that it wont be easy for the group to adapt the changes on one go as they are used to with the old technology might result in slower outcomes as it would take time for the groups to understand the new technologies and they can not do it on one go. In the rising world technology has a great impact on the companies although History, however, indicates that these patterns can lead to hurdles and unforeseen negative consequences. This will contribute to savings for both workers and organizations. Negative consequences include less job satisfaction, disbalanced life, as learning technology is not such an easy task usually people give up and prefer their old pattern of working but organizations have to replace the employees as technologies are for the best interest of the company.

5.2 Effectiveness

one can periodically check the daily diaries and other documents that have been completed to ensure that all daytoday activities of staff members are carried out. It helps to evaluate the sort of behavior that they want to engage in and also how it satisfies their requirements and standards.

And whether they are working for or achieving their targets. The implementation and supervision of frequent assessment and reporting of systems and processes that support organization living and daytoday activities is part of my duties as manager and has effective strategies and manage disagreements, disputes, and objections.

Key positive results are the ability of homes to sustain or avoid worsening in the wellbeing of service users and to meet their basic needs The service users may be helped or consulted on basic hygiene and on how to look presentable in appearance that encourages wellbeing and a sense of dignity and selfworthiness.


  1. Lager, K. (2018). Leisuretime centres: social pedagogical tradition in educational practice. Early Child Development and Care.
  2. Taylor, B. J. (2017). Heuristics in professional judgement: A psychosocial rationality model. British Journal of Social Work, 47(4), 10431060.
  3. Loh, D., Wrathall, J., and Schapper, J. (2017). The Maslow revival: Maslows hierarchy of needs as a motivational theory.
  4. https://greatermanchesterscb.proceduresonline.com/chapters/p_legal_fw.html
  5. https://theparticipationcompany.com/2016/06/5conflictresolutionstrategies/
  6. https://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/blog/buildingpositivelearningenvironmentsyoungchildrenstartsyou
  7. http://workforcesolutions.sssc.uk.com/nos/units/CCLD/CCLD3/SCDCCLD0336.pdf
  8. https://educheer.com/termpaper/leadandmanagegrouplivingforadults/

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