Section 1 

Interdisciplinary Relationships and Team Work in Health Care

Teamwork is an important approach to make sure that the purpose of a specific project and efficient efforts are being delivered. For advanced performance, it is important to set goals and discuss those goals with the team so that effective communication can help in enhancing coordination and decreasing the chances of misunderstanding. Teamwork is necessary for every domain as it plays a major role in deciding the efficiency of the outcome (Driskell et al., 2018). In the health care sector, teamwork holds a great value as it helps in ensuring that the patient is given priority and every step of treatment is being accomplished with care and responsibility. The desired outcome for the treatment of any patient can only be improved if extraordinary teamwork capabilities are there and the team members have great coordination. 

Interdisciplinary relationships within a health care team allow the team to work for a collective purpose and facilitate each other whenever the help is needed for a patient’s treatment. Any error and miscommunication can affect the overall process and may lead to a life loss. Different people have different desires and different styles of getting work done, however, their opinions, priorities, and personal differences should be left behind while working within a team as the collaborative tasks and collective objectives require all the team members to stand on the same page. Teamwork does not only require communication, facilitating each other, and valuing each other’s opinions but it also requires a mindset that values the objectives of working within a team and are willing to work efficiently for meeting those objectives as they are closely interlinked with patient’s heath (Rosen et al., 2018). Cooperating with each other and understanding that there will be coming some points where the priorities will be different such as if there are two emergencies at the same time, the team needs to be quick to decide who will be working with each emergency do that the both of the patients do not get affected. This will reflect the coordination and understanding within the healthcare team (Omondi & Atieno, 2018). Open communication and effective coordination are helpful while dealing with such situations. Team members should be working on their individual skills and should be adjusting themselves according to the environment as being rigid and difficult while working in a team will affect the performance. 

Effective teamwork helps in understanding each other and learning from each other and those learning can be applied in various situations and enhance their skills. 

Teamwork helps in building new skills such as patience, valuing diversity and differences, understanding the need for time, and prioritizing important details to achieve the collective purpose. Teamwork helps in working in an open environment and also helps in developing a sense of belonging where team members enjoy working with each other despite originally belonging to some other departments (Schmutz et al., 2019). A technician, pharmacist, doctor, and nurses can only be working effectively if they value each other and solve issues themselves. Research has shown that good care and advanced treatment techniques can improve the outcomes for mothers and babies and also eliminates the chances of risks. Conflict management, decisionmaking abilities, coordination and communication skills, utilizing resources, and helping each other are some factors that help ensure the quality of treatment and satisfy the patient. 

In the healthcare sector, the effect of hierarchy is quite low and teamwork is appreciated as upper and lower management work together for comforting the patient. When there is great communication and coordination among the team members, the families of patients and patients themselves feel valued and are satisfied with the treatment. The team should be able to manage time as any delay can prove to be harmful to the patient and should be learning to solve problems at the same time to engage in a situation where effective performance is encouraged. 

Teamwork promotes a culture where honesty, resolving mistakes, learning, and supporting each other is encouraged. Team working helps in identifying and resolving mistakes quickly before they negatively affect the treatment process. It helps in supporting each other and making each other comfortable to work together for collective achievements (Lavelle et al., 2020). Effective discussions within a team and managing conflicts help in advancing the treatment process. Team members should be recognizing their roles and get rid of unprofessionalism to make sure that mothers and infants are being treated properly. 

 Reference List

Driskell, J. E., Salas, E., & Driskell, T. (2018). Foundations of teamwork and collaboration. American Psychologist, 73(4), 334.

Lavelle, M., Reedy, G. B., Cross, S., Jaye, P., Simpson, T., & Anderson, J. E. (2020). An evidence based framework for the temporal observational analysis of teamwork in healthcare settings. Applied ergonomics, 82, 102915.

Omondi, O. K., & Atieno, O. D (2018). Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Experience of Working in an Interdisciplinary Team in Healthcare at the MOI Teaching and Referral Hospital, Intensive Care Unit.

Rosen, M. A., DiazGranados, D., Dietz, A. S., Benishek, L. E., Thompson, D., Pronovost, P. J., & Weaver, S. J. (2018). Teamwork in healthcare: Key discoveries enabling safer, highquality care. American Psychologist, 73(4), 433.

Schmutz, J. B., Meier, L. L., & Manser, T. (2019). How effective is teamwork really? The relationship between teamwork and performance in healthcare teams: a systematic review and metaanalysis. BMJ open, 9(9), e028280.

Section 2

Leadership Styles in the Healthcare Sector

Leadership is an act of guiding people to a specific path and providing effective guidance so that the followers develop an understanding of what behavior should be adopted by them to ensure success. Leadership is important in every organization and helps in developing a vision that sets the direction for the future purposes of the organization. Leadership provides trust, inspiration, and motivation to the management so that all these qualities can reflect in organizational performance (AlHabib, 2020). Leadership focuses on improving teamwork and understanding within an organization by inspiring people to work according to the vision and mission of the organization. It sets the direction for future developments and focuses on successfully achieving the purposes through perseverance. 

Leadership should be able to manage crises and work pressure to improve the work environment and not let the stress possess the organization. Leaders are critical thinkers who observe the process and make decisions that fit the situation. The personality of leaders should be inspiring people (Chatterjee, 2018). Effective leaders are those who have a positive attitude and courage to embrace changes while observing the internal and external environment of the organization. Leaders are energetic and keen to handle difficult situations with courage and integrity. Effective leadership maintains a balance within the organization so that everything stays in order and people enjoy working in the workplace environment. 

Leaders are those who develop understanding and balance within the work environment and motivate everyone to work devotedly so that the outcome of the objective can add to the value daily activities of the organization and workers stay motivated for collective goals. Leadership is involved in setting priorities by observing the latest trends and opportunities and critically thinking regarding the factors influencing the work environment and deciding on a factual basis to improve productivity within the operations. Leaders are problem solvers and their personalities inspired people to respect individuals and value their opinions. Leadership should be able to communicate effectively and convince people to understand their points and work accordingly. Leaders do not only focus on personal growth rather they are responsible for organizational growth and in this context, but their efforts also help in opening new doors for future sustainability of the organization. 

In the health sector,  leadership has a significant impact on the performance and growth of the organization. Leadership should work to meet the collective objectives of patients’ welfare and care should be prioritized by them so that these skills can be adopted by others too as they realize the importance of treating the patient in a manner that recovery becomes easy and effective. There are several stages involved in healthcare leadership as the organization environment is continuously changing. New technology is being introduced and some treatments are complex enough that they require attention and care. When the leadership inspires the management to focus on these details and find ways for comforting the patient through adopting compassionate leadership, it helps the members to achieve the desired objectives (Perez, 2021b). They are goaloriented and are respected because of their behavior and contributions to organizational development. 

The health care leadership model defines leadership as one that pays attention to shared purposes and provides guidance for achieving those purposes while handling the process with care and effective engagement. This helps in influencing the results. Different leadership styles influence the nature of results differently. Transformational leadership provides a vision that supports innovation and motivates people to work as a team by valuing each other. This is one of the leadership styles that meet the demands of technological advancement and helps health sectors to adapt to different environments. Autocratic and transactional leadership are the organizational styles that work on balance and dictate decisions to management to take the control of the organization (Žibert & Starc, 2018). However, in the health sector, the most suitable leadership style is compassionate leadership that provides autonomy, and respect and encourages people to contribute to the shared purposes. Compassionate leadership focuses on helping each other, encouraging each other to enhance awareness regarding the changes taking place, value learnings from different incidents, and helping people to express their concerns to increase productivity (Perez, 2021a). It has a great impact on care and taking responsibility for the patient while resolving conflicts and working on teamwork skills. Leadership defines the values and mission of the organization and works collectively with management to achieve stability. 

Reference List

AlHabib, N. M. I. (2020). Leadership and organizational performance: Is it essential in healthcare systems improvement? A review of literature. Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, 14(1), 69.

Chatterjee, R., Suy, R., Yen, Y., & Chhay, L. (2018). Literature review on leadership in healthcare management. J Soc Sci Stud, 5(1), 3847.

Perez, J. (2021a). Effective Leadership Styles in Healthcare for Improving Employee Outcomes (Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland University College).

Perez, J. (2021b). Leadership in healthcare: transitioning from clinical professional to healthcare leader. Journal of Healthcare Management, 66(4), 280302.

Žibert, A., & Starc, A. (2018). Healthcare organizations and decisionmaking: leadership style for growth and development. Journal of Applied Health Sciences= ?asopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti, 4(2), 209224.

Section 3

Data Confidentiality in Communication (Teams)

Data protection is an essential factor that helps in managing data and saving the data from breaches. The data should be managed in a way that is safe and the records are kept under observance. Personal data is sensitive and requires safe management as the organization is held accountable if the data is misused or any unfavorable incident occurs regarding the data. It does not only affect organizational position but also affects the trust of patients within an organization (Huhtala, 2018). The data should be kept for a limited time and when it is no longer of use, it should be eliminated from the systems to decrease the liability in case the organization experiences data breaches. Advanced technology is able to develop efficient communication channels and people use emails for work purposes. Those emails are quite confidential, especially when it comes to the personal information of patients. The act of data protection (2018) focuses on the implementation of data protection and supports the abovementioned statement under Article 5 (e) (Spencer & Patel, 2019). 

NHS provides guidance for the health care sector and asks organizations to lawfully manage the personal data of patients (England, 2016). It helps in developing confidence within the patients by focusing on transparency. The patients should know how and where their personal information is being used for treatment purposes. The staff should be trained in a way that they can handle data without any error. ICO is responsible for identifying irresponsible data management within organizations and fines up to £17 million for the data breach and inefficient data management. Midwives should be able to use personal data in a way that there is no misconception left during treatment as any mismanagement of data can affect the treatment badly. Effective communication and smart handling of data are required to handle the history of patients and the details required for treatment. Smart and efficient data protection leads to effective teamwork and output management in health care services.

Reference List

England, N. (2016). NHS England » Data Protection Policy. England.nhs.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2022, from https://www.england.nhs.uk/publication/dataprotectionpolicy/.

Huhtala, T. (2018). Using Personal Data to Advance Preventive Healthcare Services. Journal of Service Science Research, 10(1), 77115.

Spencer, A., & Patel, S. (2019). Applying the data protection act 2018 and general data protection regulation principles in healthcare settings. Nursing Management, 26(1).

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